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Simplifying Complex Part Production

Hydraulic cylinder, back side endmill for holes created in custom tool menu

Hydraulic cylinder, explode text used for part marking

Landing gear truck beam, extensively used 3-axis multi-cut and Surfcam Verify to confirm toolpath integrity

Manually created perfectly placed rough plunge cuts

Landing gear yoke, finished 90% of part in two operations multiple C views

Gear box

Boundary geometry created to control surface cut limits

Landing gear yoke fixture

Truck beam in Okuma lathe

Bemsco Inc., an aerospace manufacturing specialist based in Salt Lake City, UT, uses Surfcam Traditional to produce a wide range of challenging parts.

"Having secured a niche in the world of aerospace manufacturing by turning out parts that others simply cannot produce, Bemsco thrives in an industry defined by complex jobs and equally challenging part specifications. What we can offer that our competition often cannot is the manufacturing of parts so complex that some shops are simply not qualified to make them," said Manufacturing Engineer Brian Lloyd, who has been with the company for 27 years.

Founded in 1967, Bemsco lays claim to a long and successful history of serving both the military and commercial sectors, and primarily produces aircraft parts and assemblies. Due to the significant variability and unpredictability of demand, there really is no telling exactly what will make its way across the desks of Bemsco's manufacturing team.

"We make parts for aircraft that are still flying, but that are no longer in production-such as Sikorsky Black Hawk helicopters and Boeing B-52s," Lloyd said, noting that Bemsco has also done Aircraft on Ground (AOG) jobs, meaning that rapid turnaround is vital because the aircraft are grounded until new parts can be installed.

"Some of our jobs need to be done quickly, while others are incremental and planned a year in advance, which is important when you are working with long lead-time forgings and castings," Lloyd said.

While some of the parts made at Bemsco-such as landing gear for large aircraft-weigh hundreds of pounds, some finished parts can fit into the palm of a hand. Lot sizes typically range between 10 and 100, and the shop machines primarily in aluminum and exotic materials such as Inconel, titanium and hardened steel.

To manufacture its array of complex parts, Bemsco has used the Surfcam Traditional computer aided manufacturing (CAM) solution, by Vero Software, for more than two decades. Paired with the company's 13 high-end CNC machine tools, the software helps Bemsco protect and fully harness the power of its machinery while producing high-quality parts.

Among the company's milling machine tools are a Mazak 5-axis machining center, six 4-axis Mazak machining centers and three Mazak 3-axis machining centers. The lathe department includes an Okuma 4-axis lathe with a dual turret and simultaneous machining capabilities, and a DMG MORI 4-axis mill-turn with a 12-tool turret.

While Lloyd handles the majority of the company's mill programming duties, lathe programming is performed by a 20-year employee, affectionately dubbed "Wolf," and three part-time programmers also share some of the workload.

Lloyd estimates that Bemsco receives solid models from customers for about 30% of jobs, while other job specs are supplied via paper drawings. To create computer aided design (CAD) models that can be imported into Surfcam, Bemsco uses the SOLIDWORKS CAD solution by Dassault Systèmes. Within the Surfcam Traditional interface, users can work seamlessly with SOLIDWORKS models.

"We do not design the parts, but we do design and create the fixturing and tooling needed to manufacture parts to customer specs," Lloyd said.

Once a solid model has been imported into Surfcam Traditional, Lloyd begins the process of applying toolpath to part features. While the software has several automated cycles to apply toolpath to part features, its flexibility allows users to retain complete toolpath control.

"With the software it is easy for me to create the geometry I need to follow, which I do because the majority of our complex parts have no straightforward geometry to follow," Lloyd said, particularly in reference to the 3-D splines and surface shapes of aircraft parts.

"The automated facing cycle in Surfcam Traditional is perfect and easy to use for some jobs, and for others I have to create my own toolpath because of the complexity of the part," he said. "The software makes it very easy to maintain as much control as I need over the toolpath being generated. All of the tools are there for me to manually create the cycle if I choose. I have the ability to make it do whatever I want it to do."

Lloyd and the rest of the Bemsco team also take advantage of Surfcam Traditional's TRUEMill machining cycle, which is an optimized roughing toolpath that can be completed with a one-step 3-D roughing through pre-finishing operation.

"I love TRUEMill because it creates a path that runs very quickly and maintains a constant chip load, which is good for tool life and prevents the tool from hitting hard in the corners," Lloyd said.

TRUEMill delivers a synchronized multiple-tool strategy that coordinates up to eight tools in a single operation. The toolpath creates uniform step height across all surfaces, regardless of how many tools are used. It also removes material at significantly faster rates and at greater depths of cut.

"TRUEMill is faster in many cases, but the reason it is most valuable to us is that it maintains a constant chip load, which makes it a lot easier to work with materials that are hard on tools," Lloyd said. "Without TRUEMill, the machines can shake and chatter when changing directions."

To cut those challenging complex surfaces, Lloyd uses the multi-cut and 3-axis cut cycles in Surfcam Traditional to control how much material is removed while cutting from various angles. Multi-cut is a 3-axis operation that can machine single or multiple surfaces in a variety of cutting patterns. While multi-cut is a specialized cycle for multi-surface cutting, the 3-axis cut option helps Lloyd to further narrow down very specific areas to be machined.

"I use a 3-axis cut with boundaries to help me cut all of the surfaces from different angles," he said. "Because I have to cut a surface from different attitudes, I use 3-axis cut or multi-cut to control how much surface I cut from each attitude."

Before sending a job to the floor, Bemsco uses the simulation capabilities of Surfcam Traditional to see an accurate graphical representation of the state of its stock throughout the programming process. By selecting the option to compare the original 3-D model with the in-process stock, Lloyd is able to see an accurate comparison, from start to finish.

"Running the comparison allows me to look at the toolpath, compare it to the model and know if I need to make changes," Lloyd said. "It is set so that anything on the screen that is shown in red is where there is a problem. This really helps me to see if I have made a mistake."

By saving each verified model after every simulated operation, he can be certain that he will not run into trouble once he gets down to the business of making chips.

"I can keep saving and run the next op and any following ops to see how it looks as it progresses, which provides a greater level of safety. I love the verify feature in the software," Lloyd said.

For more information contact:

Bemsco Incorporated

1193 South 400 West

Salt Lake City, UT 84101



9004 Research Drive

Irvine, CA 92618


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